May 3rd, 2016
Samantha is a 5th grade teacher in Carrollton, Kentucky. A mastery learning guru and exit ticket ninja, she’s committed to creating better writers in her classroom—and changing her hair color like the weather.
Reading. Math. Social Studies. Language Arts. It’s all in a day’s work. And that doesn’t include timely restroom breaks, extracurricular classes, lunch, and recess! How do teachers fit it all in? Like a generous number of my colleagues, I have become quite creative in attempts to cover state-recognized content standards and fill in the gaps with the everyday lessons that ensure students will be successful later in life.
My most recent classroom triumph involves using exit tickets to assess student learning. I know, I know… you’re no newbie to formative assessment. But I’ve found that using exit tickets in new ways has helped as I integrate writing with reading, language arts, and social studies each day. These integrated formatives are giving me the biggest bang for my buck–and they actually work!
Read on to learn about five creative integrated exit tickets you may not have tried in your classroom…yet!
#1 Short-Answer Question
For the teacher that struggles to find time to integrate writing with other content areas, this exit ticket is a must! At the completion of your lesson, ask students to respond to a short-answer question.
My students practice the RAP (Restate – Answer – Prove) method for writing responses. This criterion allows for a 3-point scoring scale: three points demonstrates mastery of the content, two points demonstrates near mastery, and one point demonstrates the need for remediation.
Determining need for specific students is no longer a challenge thanks to this three-point format. While analyzing student responses, I can sort students into three categories: those who need additional restate instruction, those who need additional content instruction, and students who need additional practice finding/using evidence and proof.
#2 Key Terms
During my 11 years of personal observation, I’ve found vocabulary knowledge is a common barrier for today’s elementary learner. To alleviate the deficits this causes, I sometimes ask my students to complete a key terms exit ticket–and it’s one of my favorites.
I’ve put a couple different spins on the key terms exit ticket. One is a fill-in-the-blank format, for which students fill in the missing term in a sentence or short paragraph. This strategy allows students to use the term(s) in context, which helps develop a deeper understanding.
Another version of the key terms exit ticket involves explaining what the key term means, and then providing an explanation as to how the student knows the definition is correct. We do this by explaining the prefix and/or ending used in the word, and using this understanding to develop a working definition for the new term.
While I do not take credit for developing the traditional “fist-to-five” self-assessment tool, I do want to share how I have adapted it to assess student mastery of learning standards. Conventionally, the fist-to-five self-assessment is used to get immediate feedback concerning lesson pacing. The fist means no additional time is needed to complete the task, while five fingers up means at least five more minutes is needed to complete the task.
I have adapted this strategy to assess content mastery on paper. I pose a question about the learning target, and the students have to rate themselves on a fist-to-five scale. Once they have given themselves a numerical rating, they must support their thinking with an explanation as to why. This explanation provides great insight into how much the students know about the learning target and how much support they may need moving forward.
In addition to this, I have found that students are very honest when assessing their own knowledge. It’s always interesting to me to delve into their minds for a brief moment and learn about them as scholars.
#4 Venn Diagram
Following the lesson, ask students to compare their new knowledge with previous learning using a venn diagram. For best results, assign a specific topic for students to compare and contrast to. This will allow you to easily reward points for appropriate likes and differences.
The expectation in my classroom is two differences on each side, and two similarities; this six-point scale makes scoring and analysis easy to accomplish.
Another popular exit ticket in my fifth-grade classroom is the summary. Upon completion of the lesson, generally a reading or social studies lesson, I ask students to summarize their new learning from the day.
The format we use for a summary exit ticket includes four components: a main idea statement, two details/pieces of evidence, and a conclusion statement. The writing integration in this exit ticket provides great opportunity for student growth.
It’s my hope that this article has provided you with some new ideas for using exit tickets to get the most out of the time you have with your students. Because we all know, no matter where you try to pull it from, there are only so many hours in the day. To make the biggest impact with the minutes you do have, the formative strategies I’ve mentioned will help you assess students for lesson knowledge while also growing writers in your classroom.
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November 15th, 2012
Many educators liken a school’s relationship between teachers, students, and parents to a three-legged stool. If any single leg is removed, the stool collapses. Likewise, schools need the support and dedicated work of teachers, students, and parents. MasteryConnect recognizes this dynamic and strives to ensure that parents have real-time information about what their students need to know, whether the students know it, and what to do if they don’t.
Last Thursday, as I made the 70-minute drive from Louisville to Letichfield, Kentucky, I thought about the three-legged stool metaphor. Gwen Lucas, the principal at H.W. Wilkey Elementary, had invited me to present “An Evening With MasteryConnect.” Wilkey Elementary has been using MasteryConnect since last year, and Gwen wanted parents to see how they can engage in their children’s learning through our software.
As I presented MasteryConnect, we discussed the Common Core app and how adopting the Common Core ensures that kids in small-town Leitchfield are held accountable to the same standards as children going to school in the shadows of Harvard or Stanford. Parents looked at student reports and wanted to know more about all of the resources available to them through MasteryConnect – like the ability to watch videos, view assessments, and access teacher-created resources. It was inspiring to see so many parents, even after they’d put in long days at their respective jobs, gathered at the cafeteria tables in order to further empower themselves and their students.
The three legs of the stool – three pillars, really – are standing strong at H.W. Wilkey Elementary.
Keep on Trackin’
James Seaman, MasteryConnect
When we were invited to guest blog for Rick Hess, I knew I wanted to tell a cohesive story that would tie all three posts together around a simple theme: assessment. The goal of the first post was to set the stage and clearly articulate our concerns about the volume of unnecessary tests being administered to students. The second post was intended to identify and target specific problems. At the same time, I wanted to set the stage for our final post by introducing the formative assessment process as a possible solution. Friday’s post is an allegory using the building of a “garden shed” to illustrate the learning and assessment process. It was a real honor to contribute to and be a part of the Straight Up conversation.
Monday’s Blog: Is All This Testing Really Necessary?
Wednesday’s Blog: It Takes More Than a Minute to Win It
Friday’s Blog: Meaningful Assessment and the Garden Shed
July 13th, 2012
Kevin Rich is an English Language Arts teacher at Lakeridge Junior High School (a model DuFour School). Even as summer begins, Kevin still has teaching on the brain. In this post, he shares some ideas for using formative assessment in writing.
The sun is out, the birds are singing, I can hear the ice cream man, and we are talking about formative assessment. For an English teacher, it doesn’t get any better than this. This past year I worked in a school where the average class included 39 students. Our student population is rapidly becoming more diverse and more economically challenged with 53% of our student population living in poverty. While the year started out a little rough, in the end, every single one of my students passed our State Writing Exam.
I’d like to tell you about how we got there. For my classes, it began with the formative assessment. Often in English, teachers judge writing based on the final, summative evaluation. Teachers take their students through the writing processes but it’s up to the students to make sure the final piece is cohesive. As teachers, we usually end up skipping formative assessments in writing because they can be very challenging.
Here are some ideas for using formative assessments that I have found effective in my own classroom:
1. After you model a specific skill, give the students instructions to highlight the principle you just taught as they write their essays. This allows me to quickly identify whether students are using what I taught correctly, before they hand in their assignments for grading.
2. Don’t try to do too much with any single formative assessment. Feedback is most effective if it’s given during the writing process. That means that formative assessment must be very quick and easy for me as a teacher. By formatively assessing just one or two skills or standards that I taught that day, I can diagnose which students have a lack of understanding as they are writing.
3. Even on a formative assessment, don’t allow a student to pass until they have a minimal understanding of the concept you taught and are assessing. This is very important, from both philosophical and pragmatic standpoints.
First, you must decide what constitutes minimal understanding. If you are in a PLC, this should be decided as a team for each standard on the rubric. In my own department we typically have established minimal understanding to be at the Understanding Level of Bloom’s taxonomy and students have to be able to function with at least 80% proficiency. (As an example, for simile and metaphor that would mean that students have to be able to both identify and explain why something is a metaphor and be correct 80% of the time).
4. Use the final rubric to create formative assessments. In our department, to get a perfect score on the thesis portion of the summative rubric, a student needs 3 things:
A) Thesis states the authors’ stance
B) Thesis has three clear supporting details
C) Thesis is correctly punctuated
Now, let’s take the item “Thesis states the authors’ stance” and turn it into a formative assessment that is designed to diagnose struggling students. Here is what that diagnostic rubric could look like:
|A. The author clearly states their stance on the issue||A. The author clearly states 3 reasons for their stance||A. The author correctly places commas between each reason|
|B. Too wordy, makes it unclear/confusing||B. Too wordy, makes it unclear/confusing||B. Didn’t use commas|
|C. Too weak||C. Only had 2 reasons||C. Used commas in the wrong places|
|D. Took 2 sides||D. Only had 1 reason||D. Only used 1 comma but it was in a correct place|
|E. Didn’t take a stance||E. Other||E. Only used 2 commas, but they were in correct places|
|F. Other||F. Other|
To use this formative assessment rubric, I would teach and model thesis statements. Then I would have students write three thesis statements from three different prompts and then choose which one they wanted assessed. Three other students filling in a MasteryConnect bubblesheets would grade each thesis.
After scanning the scores into a MasteryTracker, I would be able to identify what the whole class needed and which individuals needed more instruction. This sort of information is imperative. It allows me to determine where each student, and the class as a whole, is in terms of understanding writing skills. In this way, I can immediately remediate students as they write, which is extremely powerful.
May 18th, 2012
MasteryConnect recently sat down with Kevin Rich, an English Language Arts teacher at Lakeridge Junior High School (a model DuFour School). Kevin shared his thoughts with us about how he’s using MasteryConnect at his school. As an ELA teacher in a mastery-based school, Kevin possesses unique insight into formative assessment approaches for Language Arts and implementing the Common Core. Kevin outlined three ways he’s using MasteryConnect in his classroom.
WIth MasteryConnect, it’s easy to show parents what’s happening in the classroom. Parents love to see that teaching and testing are tied to standards. Here is a sample of what I am giving parents during Parent-Teacher Conferences:
This is just a snippet; the actual paper that parents receive has the student’s name, many more assessment results, and related objectives. In addition, I send parents a link where they can see their child’s assessments, which are attached to core objectives. The link lets parents see the test, the questions their student missed, and how the rest of the class (no names attached) did on each question.
As a teacher, it’s pretty cool; communication like this provides strong possibilities for making parents partners in their child’s education. And the feedback I am receiving from parents is, “Wow, you do more than just read stuff in English, huh?”
Yup, we do more. Much more.
Using MasteryConnect to Implement the Common Core
MasteryConnect is a fantastic tool to become familiar with the new Core. It displays the standards in a more concise, orderly, and simple way than any printed handout I’ve ever seen. The other thing MasteryConnect allows me to do is organize the Core in a way that actually makes sense. It becomes very difficult to teach and assess the Core if it is presented in a hierarchical format.
Before individualizing curriculum map:
Good teachers don’t always teach in the exact order in which standards are labeled. For the first twenty minutes, you might be addressing the literature part of the Core, then the speaking components, then writing or language, etc. It becomes a pain to see how your day went if the Core isn’t organized to mirror how you teach. But you can re-organize for your day, your unit or even your year. It becomes easy to chart your progression through the Core in a way that makes sense.
After customizing curriculum map:
Moving “Backward Design” Forward
I imagine all teachers have heard the term “backward design” at some point in their careers. The idea is that the teacher establishes where they want their students to be and then work backwards to figure out how to get students there.
With the new Core, it becomes easier to figure out exactly where the destination point is. If we say ‘understanding metaphor’ is the objective, well, that can be very shallow and simple, or very deep and time-consuming. One thing MasteryConnect offers is access to other peoples’ assessments from across the network of Common Core states. This allows me to collaborate with like-minded teachers, view the level of rigor in their assessments, and determine where others expect their students to be in relation to a standard. As an assessment junkie, I confess I have spent hours surfing assessments from all grades. There are some really good ideas out there.